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Whilst the end result is the same, Type 2 diabetes is very different to Type 1. Type 2 occurs when the body becomes desensitised to insulin. This is by far the most commonly found, with up to 90% of those with diabetes having this type. People of certain ethnic backgrounds are at a higher risk of developing this type, as well as having a higher chance of developing the condition at a younger age. These include people who are Southern Asian, Chinese, African-Caribbean or African, even if they were born in the UK and having a close relative who has Type 2 diabetes increases the chances of developing this condition. Being overweight or obese also increases the chances of someone developing Type 2. This is a big reason why doctors and hospitals suggest dieting and exercise if you are not a healthy weight.
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Treatment for Type 2 Diabetes is not as simple as insulin injections, as the body is becoming desensitised to insulin. Some cases do require insulin injections, however the main way to treat Type 2 Diabetes is simply a change in lifestyle. If the person controls what levels of sugar they take into their body, in effect, they can keep their blood glucose levels at a healthy number. Lots of people with Type 2 Diabetes also take particular tablets to lower their blood glucose levels. The medicine in these tablets is usually metformin, although others can be used.